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- Parco Naturale di Belitsa

BELITSA: IL PARCO DEGLI ORSI "BALLERINI"

 

orsi danzanti

 

Il parco naturale di Belitsa fu inaugurato nel 2000 su un terreno di 120 mila metri quadrati nella zona del monte di Rila, su iniziativa della Fondazione “Brigitte Bardot” e di quella austriaca "Vier Pfoten" per restituire al loro ambiente naturale circa una trentina di orsi detti “ballerini”.
Questi orsi fin da piccoli venivano addestrati ed utilizzati dalle famiglie rom bulgare e serbe per gli spettacoli di strada ed era una pratica molto diffusa, oggi proebita nei due paesi ma ancora permessa in Albania.

La fine del calvario per gli ultimi 3 orsi danzanti della Bulgaria grazie alla fondazione Brigitte Bardot e all’associazione Vier Pfoten

29 giugno 2007
Siamo in tanti il 15 giugno al mattino presto per andare a ricevere Misho (19 anni), Svetla (17 anni) e Mima (8 anni) dalle mani del loro proprietario a Rasgrad, una piccola località nel Nord Est della Bulgaria, a 7 ore di strada da Sofia.
Queste tre povere creature nutrite con pane, mais e brandy erano in uno stato alquanto deplorevole di malnutrizione, soprattutto Misha sofferente di diabete (e chi potrebbe stupirsene?) e la cui pelliccia era in uno stato assai cattivo.
Bisognerà ovviamente attendere l’esame completo dei veterinari per scoprire le conseguenze (dentizione, infezioni della pelle ecc.) non riscontrabile a colpo d’occhio.
Immaginate la felicità di essere presenti a questa liberazione perché questi orsi non avevano mai conosciuto l’ambiente naturale che avrebbero di lì a poco scoperto... Fin da cuccioli, la loro vita non è stata che sevizie, completamente sottomessi alla bestialità umana: quella del divertimento attraverso la sofferenza di innocenti creature.
Oggi hanno raggiunto i circa venti compagni che li aspettavano nel parco di Belitsa che la fondazione finanzierà con l’associazione austriaca Vier Pfoten fino alla loro morte.
Per la prima volta condurranno una vita da orso: andare in letargo, fare il bagno da soli o insieme secondo la loro volontà, giocare e cercare il loro cibo ben nascosto dal personale che si prende cura di loro, raschiare la terra e scavare la loro “tana” oppure andare a rifugiarsi nella foresta per il loro bisogno di solitudine.
Ovviamente le conseguenze della loro mancanza di libertà e del maltrattamento richiederanno tempo per scomparire ma vedere Violetta, liberata nel 2003 dall’albero al quale era attaccata con una catena di un metro, tremante di freddo e seduta tra i suoi escrementi non avendo per nutrimento che acqua gelata con pane e mais, “divertirsi” oggi nel parco, con la pelliccia brillante, i denti e la pelle curati e ingrassata di almeno 30 chili fa bene al cuore.
Ovviamente, vengono subito alla mente quelli che non hanno ancora questa possibilità, come gli 800 orsi danzanti dell’India, più quelli del Pakistan e dell’Ucraina. È sempre difficile avere a lungo l’anima in festa nella protezione animale, ma, grazie al vostro sostegno finanziario, ci sono queste vittorie.
**********
 

 

 

 

il sito ufficiale del parco (in lingua bulgara)

 

SCHEDE DI ALCUNI "ABITANTI" DEL PARCO

 

 

The inhabitants of DANCING BEARS PARK, Belitsa

 

 

bobby Bobby

Sex:

Male

Age:

10 years

Born:

03.03.1997

Comes from:

Yagoda Village

In the summer of 2001 a young and lively bear came to DANCING BEARS PARK. Bobby had very nice appearance, he was heavily built for his age and had long and shiny fur. The traces of his former life were almost invisible /in difference with the other bears whose noses still bear the marks of chains/. Because of his youth Bobby has been used by his former owners for combats with humans.

 

 

 

mariana Mariana

Sex:

Female

Age:

20 years

Born:

1987

Comes from:

Bourgas

Mariana came to DANCING BEARS PARK before 6 years with serious mental aberrations. She had the habit of going around on an area of 2 sq. m. This habit she got in her previous life when she has been forced through pain and hunger to perform dancing acts.

 

 

 

gosho Gosho

Sex:

Male

Age:

19 years

Born:

1988

Comes from:

Yagoda Village

Gosho has been in the park since June 2001. In the beginning he was accommodated in one sector with his old acquaintance Bobby. Being old friends they had a great time together. Later, because of his temper he was transferred to another sector where he lives presently with Mariana.

 

 

 

stanka Stanka

Sex:

Female

Born:

1982

 

Died 27.11.2003
Reason: Advanced age

 

 

 

 

stefan Stefan

Sex:

Male

Age:

20 years

Born:

1987

Comes from:

Bourgas

Stefan is one of the first bears in the park. At his coming to DANCING BEARS PARK he had the same health problem as other bears - he had inflamed nose membrane. This injure was done by the chain that has been attached to his nose since his birth. Stefan succeeded in short time to adapt to the conditions in the park. His "dancing", which lasted several months, has almost vanished. Now he has the behaviour of his wild "relatives".

 

 

 

kalinka Kalinka

Sex:

Female

Age:

18 years

Born:

1989

Comes from:

Bourgas

Kalinka needed a lot of time to adapt to the new way of life. Many times she tried to pass through the electrical shepherd that guards the park. Her nervousness found expression in indefatigable going about all day long. Now she makes these walks only for 2-3 hours. As the other bears, Kalinka prefers being alone. She is not aggressive but she knows how to protect herself when she is threatened by something or someone. The instinct of wild animal is most obvious in her character.

 

 

 

violeta Violeta

Sex:

Female

Age:

26 years

Born:

1981

Comes from:

Dryanovets Village

Violeta lives in movement and enjoys her life in the DANCING BEARS PARK in Belitsa. Because of a skin disease, Violeta has some hairless spots. This disease is the result of long term abuse and underfeeding. We're very happy that Violeta's health and fur has been getting better and better since she was adopted by FOUR PAWS.

 

 

 

stefka Stefka

Sex:

Female

Age:

23 years

Born:

1984

Comes from:

Dryanovets Village

Stefka is a quiet, lazy, peaceful bear, who gets along with all the other bears. Stefka is in good health.

 

 

 

nada Nada

Sex:

Female

Age:

19 years

Born:

1988

Comes from:

Rouse

Nada loves to wander around the area and search for food. This bear has beautiful fur and a unique build. Nada is a loner, and doesn't get along very well with the other inhabitants of DANCING BEARS PARK, Belitsa. She enjoys her good health, and prefers spending her time alone.

 

 

 

dobri Dobri

Sex:

Male

Age:

20 years

Born:

1987

Comes from:

Yagoda Village

Even though Dobri is blind, he enjoys wandering around in the area, looking for food, and lying under the trees. He spends his nights in the caves. He has dark brown fur, and he enjoys sleeping very much. Dobri used to share a sector with bear Galya.

 

 

 

leta Leta

Sex:

Female

Age:

12 years

Born:

1995

Comes from:

Dryanovets Village

Leta's fur is light brown and she is the smallest bear living in DANCING BEARS PARK, Belitsa. She gets along well with the bears Bobby, Stefan, and Kalinka. Leta enjoys wandering around in the area and she likes to stay in the sun near the ponds. From the day FOUR PAWS adopted Leta, she has gained a lot of weight.

 

 

 

iazaura Izaura

Sex:

Female

Age:

25 years

Born:

1982

Comes from:

Kameno

Izaura is one of the oldest bears in DANCING BEARS PARK Belitsa. This bear enjoys walking around in the area and likes most looking for food. Izaura is a loner, and enjoys spending her time alone.

 

 

 

tsveta Tsveta

Sex:

Female

Age:

17 years

Born:

1990

Comes from:

Yagoda Village

Tsveta loves to wander around the area, especially when the sun is shining. She has light brown fur, with a few dark flecks on her back. Tsveta gets along very well with the other bears in the park, but she prefers to eat alone.

 

 

 

charlie Charlie

Sex:

Male

Age:

14 years

Born:

1993

Comes from:

Kamenovo

Charlie is a loner, and is calm and lazy. He enjoys sleeping in the forested sections of the area. His fur is dark brown, and since he has been taken in by FOUR PAWS, he has gained a lot of weight and is in good health.

 

 

 

dana Dana

Sex:

Female

Age:

14 years

Born:

1993

Comes from:

Yagoda Village

Dana likes climbing trees, and she lies down on her back when she gets hungry. From the day VIER PFOTEN adopted Dana, she has gained a lot of weight. She feels comfortable in her surroundings, and is a quiet and peaceful bear. Dana's fur is very dark, nearly black, and besides to bear Vela she is the biggest female bear in DANCING BEARS PARK Belitsa.

 

 

 

mitko Mitko

Sex:

Male

Age:

15 years

Born:

1992

Comes from:

Getsovo Village

Mitko, who was abused by his former owner, had rings in his nose, his flews and also in his lower jaw. That's why Miko had a big hole in his jaw, which had to be operated on by FOUR PAWS veterinarian Dr. Amir Khalil. When the weather is bad, Mitko likes to go in his den. He is a very curious and active bear.

 

 

 

galya Galya

Sex:

Female

Born:

1984

 

Died 25.04.2006

 

 

 

 

marinka Marinka

Sex:

Female

Age:

12 years

Born:

1995

Comes from:

Blagoevo Village

After her arrival in the DANCING BEARS PARK, Belitsa she adapted very fast to the new surroundings in her sector. Unlike to the other bears, Marinka prefers open fields and grassland, she doesn't hide behind trees and strokes. She is getting along very well with the other bears.

 

 

 

maria Maria

Sex:

Female

Age:

14 years

Born:

1983

Comes from:

Getsovo Village

Maria accommodated very fast to her new live in the park. Her integration process went very well. The place she likes most is the forest, where she can take a nap.

 

 

 

vela Vela

Sex:

Female

Age:

18 years

Born:

1989

Comes from:

Dryanovets Village

Vela has in contrast to the other bears has almost black fur. The reason is that Vela's origin is not from Bulgaria. As a cub she was displaced from Russia to Bulgaria. Because of this she is also bigger an heavier than the other female bears in the park. Luckily she accommodated very fast to new surroundings of the DANCING BEARS PARK Belitsa and she even hibernated last years.

 

 

 

elena Elena

Sex:

Female

Age:

17 years

Born:

1990

Comes from:

Dryanovets Village

 

 

 

 

rada Rada

Sex:

Female

Age:

15 years

Born:

1992

Comes from:

Balgarovo

 

 


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